Asthma a Chronic Disease
Asthma is a type of chronic disease with initial symptoms of narrowing and inflammation of the respiratory tract that causes difficulty in breathing.
Risk Factors of Asthma :
Bacteria derived from dust can be a major trigger for risk factors of asthma. The bacterium named endotoxin which is generally located in the home utensils, especially in the bedroom which causes asthma symptoms.
Causes of the Asthma
Asthma can be caused by dust, cigarette smoke, animal dander, cold air, physical activity, viral infections or even exposure to chemicals. However, until now the cause of asthma has not been known with certainty.
People with asthma have a more sensitive respiratory tract. Therefore, when the lungs become irritated from the triggers of asthma, the muscles of the respiratory tract become stiff and narrow. In people with asthma, the respiratory tract will be more sensitive, so that the lungs affected by irritation from asthma triggers that cause respiratory tract muscles. Sputum production increases, making breathing difficult.
In childhood, the symptoms of asthma will disappear by itself when entering adolescence. Asthma symptoms that are classified as medium or severe in childhood can be reappeared in the future. Also, be aware that asthma symptoms can appear at any age, and don’t always start in childhood.
Some common asthma symptoms are chest pain, coughing, and wheezing. This is one type of disease that can be experienced by all age, from children to the elderly.
Test for asthma diagnosis
To find out if there is an allergy to an asthma sufferer, the doctor will conduct tests including:
- Inject some allergens and measure the size of the red bumps caused after 20 minutes.
- Do the blood test.
- Psychological problems (anxiety, stress, or depression).
- Declining performance in school or work.
- The body often feels tired.
- Growth disturbance and puberty in children.
- Asmatikus status, which is a condition of severe asthma and cannot respond with normal therapy.
- Respiratory failure.
- Damage to parts or all of the warp.
In the treatment of asthma, there are two things that need to be done, namely to relieve symptoms and prevent symptoms of relapse. Therefore, it is important to undergo treatment with a doctor, so that drugs can be given to treat asthma.
In addition to treatment, people with asthma must also avoid things that can trigger asthma relapses. Usually, your doctor will recommend an inhaler for treatment when asthma symptoms appear. However, the use of inhalers also has the potential to cause side effects for users.
If an asthma attack occurs with symptoms that are getting worse, even though they have been treated with an inhaler or medication, it is necessary to take medical treatment at the hospital. Because asthma also endanger the lives of sufferers
Asthma is a type of disease that can be controlled by regulating a healthy lifestyle. In addition, you should note the following:
- Recognize & avoid asthma triggers.
- Follow the doctor’s plan for treating asthma.
- Take appropriate treatment steps by identifying the cause of an asthma attack.
- Use asthma medicines that have been recommended by doctors regularly.
- Monitor the condition of the airways.
The use of inhalers can increase asthma reactions. Therefore, it is mandatory to discuss with a doctor, so that asthma management plans are tailored to the needs. Flu and pneumonia vaccinations are also highly recommended that asthma does not worsen.