Can Hib Immunization Really Prevent Pneumonia in Infants?
Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae or the same virus that causes the flu. These germs make the air sacs in the lungs filled with fluid (phlegm or mucus), so that the sufferer has difficulty breathing and experiences coughing.
Pneumonia is more susceptible to attacking infants and children than adults. The reason is, babies and children do not have the perfect immunity like adults. Hib immunization is considered effective for preventing pneumonia. Is that right?
Is it true that Hib immunization can prevent pneumonia?
Haemophilus influenzae type b or Hib is a bacterium that often attacks humans. These bacteria live in the human nose and throat and are usually harmless. However, bacteria can sometimes move to other parts of the body and cause infections, one of which is pneumonia.
Therefore, giving Hib immunization is an effective way to prevent pneumonia in children. Launching from Healthline, this immunization is given as many as 4 doses, namely the first dose at the age of two months, the second dose at the age of 4 months, the third dose at the age of six months and the last dose at the age of 12-15 months.
How Is Pneumonia Transmitted?
Pneumonia is generally transmitted by a person carrying germs in droplets of fluid in their throat, nose or mouth. When a person with pneumonia coughs, he will spray germs into the air. Children who accidentally inhale germs or come into direct contact with an infected person’s saliva or mucus by touching something can then become infected.
Pneumonia most often occurs during the cold months when children spend most of their time indoors in close contact with other people. Pneumonia caused by viruses is often less severe than that caused by bacteria. Symptoms usually start like flu and slowly get worse over a few days.
Pneumonia caused by bacteria can be sudden and is characterized by high fever, rapid breathing and coughing. Both types of pneumonia both cause a cough that lasts for weeks after the fever has stopped. Read more !