Causes And Symptoms Of Eye Cancer
Although eye cancer is not “as popular” as breast, cervical, or lung cancer, eye cancer is no less scary, you know. Eye cancer can cause vision loss, glaucoma, and spread to other parts of the body (metastasis).
This eye cancer can attack three main parts of the eye. Starting from the eyeball, orbita (the tissue that surrounds the eyeball), to eye accessories such as eyebrows, eye glands, or eyelids.
So, what are the symptoms of eye cancer that can be experienced by people with it?
A person who has eye cancer will generally experience various complaints. However, the complaints that arise depend on the type of eye cancer he has.
Well, here are the symptoms of eye cancer commonly experienced by people with it according to the National Institutes of Health and the American Cancer Society:
- Vision problems, such as blurred vision or sudden loss of vision.
- See floating objects (floaters) or spots.
- Loss of part or all of your vision.
- Dark spots that grow on the iris.
- Change in pupil size or shape.
- Discoloration of the iris
- Eyes stand out.
- Small defects in the iris or conjunctiva.
- Conjunctivitis or red eyes.
- The presence of blood that settles or bleeding in the eye (the front or part of the eye that is visible).
What causes eye cancer? Unfortunately, until now the only known cause of eye cancer is gene mutation in eye tissue. These mutations mainly occur in genes that regulate cell growth.
Under normal conditions, cells will divide regularly to replace cells that have been damaged. These genes are what function so that cells do not divide wildly and uncontrollably. However, changes or DNA abnormalities in these genes cause the genes regulating cell division to not function.
As a result, the eye cells will divide uncontrollably. In addition, there are several conditions associated with eye cancer, namely:
- Eye color that is lighter, such as green, blue, or gray. This is because brighter eyes have less pigment to protect them from harmful UV rays.
- White skin is more sensitive to sunlight and can cause other types of cancer that can spread to the eyes.
- Moles that are cancerous.
- Sun exposure.
- Hereditary conditions, due to changes in DNA that can cause eye cancer.
Remember, although eye cancer is less common than other types of cancer, experts still recommend having an annual eye exam. Especially for those who have a higher risk of developing melanoma type eye cancer. For example, in people with dyspatic nevus syndrome.
Don’t hesitate to do regular eye examinations, even if you don’t have any eye complaints. Because often eye cancer such as the type of melanoma is found during routine checks. Read More!