CORONA VIRUS. The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV) is a respiratory disease caused by a coronavirus. This disease is transmitted from camels to humans, and from humans to humans.
MERS CoV allegedly came from camels that live in Middle Eastern countries, such as Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Yemen. Although MERS CoV occurs in several countries in Europe and America, sufferers are known to have this disease after travelling to Middle Eastern countries. Therefore, this disease is often referred to as Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome.
Although MERS CoV is contagious, the transmission not as easy as the common cold. MERS CoV is more susceptible to the transmission through direct contact, for example in people who care for MERS sufferers without implementing proper self-protection procedures against viruses.
Symptoms of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV):
Symptoms of MERS CoV generally appear until 2 weeks after the patient is infected with the virus. Some of the symptoms that arise are:
- Sore throat
- Muscle ache
- Hard to breathe
In rare cases, MERS CoV causes symptoms of bloody cough, nausea and vomiting, and diarrhoea.
When to see a doctor:
Most cases of MERS CoV occur in Saudi Arabia and Middle Eastern countries. Check to a doctor if you returned from these countries and experience symptoms of respiratory problems.
Some MERS CoV sufferers only experience symptoms such as cold symptoms. However, a doctor’s examination still necessary if the symptoms appear after you return from a country that has a case of MERS CoV infection.
Causes of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV):
MERS CoV caused by a coronavirus, a group of viruses that causes coughs in colds and acute respiratory infections (ARI). Besides infecting humans, MERS CoV can infect animals, especially camels.
Some factorst can increase a person’s risk of contracting MERS CoV are:
- Be near MERS CoV sufferers, especially for the elderly, people with weak immune systems, and medical workers who care for MERS CoV sufferers.
- Just returned from Saudi Arabia or the surrounding country, and experience symptoms of respiratory distress.
- Contact with camels infected with this virus, including drinking milk and eating meat that is not thoroughly cooked.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV) diagnosis
The doctor will ask about the symptoms experienced by the patient and the possibility of contact with patients with MERS CoV. The doctor will ask the patient has just travelled to Saudi Arabia or the surrounding country.
To determine whether there is a virus in the patient’s body that causes MERS CoV, the doctor will conduct a supporting examination, such as:
- Throat swab test
- Blood test
- Examination of stool samples
- Sputum sample test
- Chest radiograph
In the Treatment and Prevention of Middle Eastern Respiratory Coronavirus (MERS CoV)
Until now, there has been no method or vaccine or treating and preventing Co MERS. For patients with mild symptoms, the doctor will prescribe medication to relieve fever and pain. The doctor will also advise patients to rest at home and avoid contact with others as much as possible to prevent the spread of the virus.For patients who experience severe symptoms, intensive treatment is needed at the hospital. The patient will be given oxygen, antibiotics and infusions. If necessary, the doctor will monitor the function of organs intensively and pair the breathing apparatus.
Although there is no vaccine to prevent MERS CoV, the risk of contracting this virus can be reduced by taking the following steps:
- Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially before eating or before touching your face. If there is no soap, use a hand sanitizer.
- Cover the nose and mouth with a tissue when sneezing or coughing, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Clean and sterilize objects that are often touched by many people, such as door handles.
- Avoid contact with someone who is sick, including sharing cutlery.
- Don’t make contact with a sick camel, and don’t eat meat or drink milk.
Complications of coronaviruses that attack Middle Eastern breathing (MERS CoV)
MERS CoV which is classified as severe is very dangerous, it can even cause death. It is known that 30-40% of MERS CoV sufferers die, especially sufferers who also have immune system disorders, such as diabetics or cancer.
Complications that can occur in patients with MERS CoV are:
- Kidney failure
- Failure to breath
- Septic shock