Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a chronic autoimmune disease caused by disorders of blood regulation.
Diabetes can be caused by a variety of things that are published:
- Lack insulin production of the pancreas
- Lack of body response to insulin
- The influence of other hormones that inhibits insulin performance
If diabetes have not accordance with appropriate treatment, it will caused various dangerous complications, and can even endanger the lives of sufferers.
Types of diabetes
diabetes is divided into several types, namely:
Diabetes Type 1
Diabetes Type 1 is an autoimmune disorder that causes the defense system to fight and damage cells that produce the hormone insulin, so that the pancreas cannot produce the hormone. This will increase the body’s insulin and increase blood calcium levels.
The condition generally attacks patients under the age of 40 years, especially in adolescence. More than a disease at a younger age, greater in childhood or adolescence.
The cause of this condition is unclear. Expert factors that cause type 2 diabetes may occur due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. However, you might have a higher risk for this problem if:
- your sibling has diabetes mellitus
- in situations of exposure to viral diseases
- appears autoantibodies
- vitamin D deficiency, consuming cow’s milk, formula milk, cereals before the age of 4 months. Although this is not directly this condition remains risky.
Diabetes Type 2
Type 2 Diabetes is a type of diabetes that is commonly found. The incidence rate reaches 90-95 percent of all cases, diabetes in the world. This condition, called adult-onset diabetes, is more common in adults. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetics continue to produce insulin but not enough. Cause 2 seems certain, but experts believe that the combination of genetic and environmental factors is supportive
Being overweight is a primary sugar disease, but not all type 2 diabetes mellitus patients are overweight in general.
Gestational diabetes is a diabetes that only occurs in pregnant women. This disease can cause problems for both mother and baby if left untreated. If treated quickly and correctly, this condition usually heals completely after giving birth.
Unstable diabetes is also known as brittle diabetes, which indicates that blood sugar levels are quite difficult to control.
People with diabetes mellitus can change their blood sugar levels very quickly, too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia).
People who have diabetes type 1 are at great risk of experiencing this type of diabetes. Meanwhile, people with diabetes type 2 also be affected if the disease is chronic.