Diarrhoea And Vomiting
Diarrhoea is a condition when a person has a bowel movement different than usual. In addition, faeces of the sufferer are watery than usual. Although diarrhoea can be brief, it can also last for several days. In fact, it can occur for weeks.
The factor of Diarrhoea:
There are several factors that increase a person’s risk of diarrhoea:
- Rarely washing hands after going to the toilet.
- Storage and preparation of foods are dirty.
- Rarely clean the kitchens and toilets.
- water sources which are dirty.
- Eat leftovers that are cold.
- Didn’t wash hands with soap.
Causes of Diarrhoea:
There are several conditions that make a person experience diarrhoea. Generally, diarrhoea is caused by the following things:
- Food intolerance, such as lactose and fructose.
- Food allergies.
- Side effects of certain drugs.
- Bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections.
- Intestinal disease.
- Post gallstone surgery.
- Inflammation of the digestive tract, as in Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis or microscopic colitis.
- Irritable bowel syndrome.
- Celiac disease or disease that causes the body to reject gluten protein.
Symptoms of diarrhoea:
Some symptoms caused by diarrhoea include:
- The stool is soft and watery.
- Abdominal pain and cramps.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of appetite.
- Constant thirst.
- Stool blood.
Dehydration is the most common symptom that accompanies diarrhoea. Of the children, diarrhoea can be characterized by rarely urinating, dry mouth, and crying without tears. In severe dehydration, children may appear to be drowsy, unresponsive, sunken eyes, and pinched belly skin does not return quickly. While signs of dehydration in adults include fatigue and lack of energy, loss of appetite, dizziness, dry mouth, and headaches.
Diagnosis of Diarrhoea:
The doctor will diagnose diarrhoea by conducting medical interviews, physical examinations, and supporting examinations, such as:
- Inspection of faecal samples in the laboratory to identify infections that occur in the sufferer.
- Blood tests to determine the cause of diarrhoea.
- Additional examinations such as sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy if there is a suspicion of a more serious disease.
Treatment for diarrhea:
There are several things doctors can do to treat diarrhoea. For example:
- Consume lots of fluids to replace the fluid loss, either orally or intravenously.
- Provision of drugs that can fight bacterial infections.
Besides these two things, there are also other treatments. Treatment for diarrhoea will usually be adjusted to the things that cause diarrhoea.
Prevention of Diarrhoea:
Some efforts to prevent diarrhoea include:
- Always wash your hands, especially before and after eating, after touching uncooked meat, after using the toilet, or after sneezing and coughing, using soap and clean water.
- Eat foods and drinks that have been cooked to perfection, and avoid foods and drinks that are not guaranteed to be clean.