Diphtheria is a type of disease by infection with the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheria of the throat and upper respiratory system. This bacterium is capable of producing a toxin that affects other organs. This disease is damaged tissue membranes that accumulate in the throat and tonsils, you have difficulty breathing and swallowing. The heart and another system also be affected due to this condition. The disease is transmitted through direct physical contact from breathing, coughing, or sneezing of an infected person.
How common is this disease?
Diphtheria is mostly found in developing countries where vaccination rates are low. This condition can occur in patients of any age.
In general, 5 to 10 per cent of people infected with diphtheria will die. Some people more vulnerable than others, with a mortality rate of 20 per cent of infected people under 5 years or more than 40 years.
Diphtheria can be treated by reducing risk factors. Discuss with your doctor for more information.
What are the signs and symptoms of diphtheria?
In the early stages, diphtheria is predicted is severe strep throat. other symptoms that fever and swelling of the glands of the neck. The disease also causes painful, red and swollen skin. Symptoms appear two until four days after infection within a period.
Although diphtheria bacteria attacked the tissues of the body, the most prominent signs in the throat and mouth. Common signs and symptoms of diphtheria are:
- The throat is coated in a thick grey membrane
- Sore throat and hoarseness
- Swollen glands in the neck
- Respiratory problems and difficulty swallowing
- Fluid in the nose
- Fever and chills
- A hard cough
- Uncomfortable feeling
- hard when looking
- rambling speech
- Signs of shock, such as pale and cold skin, sweating and heartbeats fast
People who suffer diphtheria can transmit up to four weeks without antibiotic therapy. There were signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.
When should I consult a doctor?
You should contact a doctor if you or your child have contact with someone who has diphtheria. If you do not know whether you or your child has been given a diphtheria vaccine or not, arrange a meeting with your doctor immediately.
You also need to immediately contact a doctor if:
- You are in an infected area
- You have just returned from an infected area
- You have an interaction with an infected person
This disease requires immediate help to prevent complications, such as breathing difficulties and heart problems.
What causes of diphtheria?
Diphtheria is caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, a bacterium that spreads disease through particles in the air, personal, and contaminated household appliances. Here are the reviews:
- Air particles
If you breathe airborne particles from coughing or sneezing an infected person, you can get diphtheria. This method is very effective for spreading disease, especially in crowded places.
- Contaminated personal items
Another cause is contact with contaminated personal objects. You can get diphtheria by holding an infected person’s, drinking from a glass that has not been washed or contact the objects that adopt bacteria.
In rare cases, diphtheria spreads on shared household appliances, such as towels or toys.
- Infected wounds
Touching an infected wound can expose you to the bacteria of diphtheria.