Effects Of Eating To Much Salt
Food without salt will taste bland and not very tasty. That is why many people like to add salt to add to the delicacy of the food they eat. Apart from being a flavor enhancer, salt also contains sodium which has an important role for human health. However, consuming too much salt is also not good for health. Find out the consequences of eating too much salt here.
Kitchen salt which is often used in almost every dish actually has two important elements for the body, namely sodium (sodium) and chloride. Sodium is needed to maintain bodily functions and fluid balance in the body, helps nerves and muscles work, and controls blood pressure and volume. Meanwhile, chloride helps the body digest every food consumed.
As a seasoning flavor, salt is also liked by many people. In fact, there are some people who really like salty foods, so they tend to add large amounts of salt. In fact, why do so many people like salt so much? A study found that the brain responds to sodium in salt just like nicotine, which can cause addictive effects.
However, it is recommended that you limit your consumption of salt per day. The reason is, the beneficial elements of salt mentioned earlier can actually harm the body if too much is consumed. Here are the consequences if you eat too much salt:
1. Increased Risk of Heart Disease
Excess salt consumption has been linked to high blood pressure or hypertension. This condition is of course one of the risks of heart disease. For some people who are sensitive to sodium, consuming high amounts of sodium can cause fluid retention (edema) and their blood pressure to rise. This condition makes them more at risk of stroke, heart disease, and kidney disease. Every time your blood pressure rises, your heart has to work harder. This can cause damage to the blood vessels and heart muscle itself.
2. Increased Risk of Vascular Dementia
Not only does it increase the risk of stroke, high salt intake can also increase the risk of vascular dementia. Dementia is a condition of decreased brain function that affects memory, thinking, language, judgment and behavior. Vascular dementia can occur when a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked. About one in three people who have a stroke also has vascular dementia.
3. Thinning Bone Mass
Too high a level of calcium that is excreted in the urine is believed by some experts to make bones thin. In fact, several studies have found that table salt can cause bones to lose calcium, thus making them weaker. Over time, excessive calcium loss can also increase the risk of developing osteoporosis, especially in women who have entered menopause.
4. Impaired Kidney Function
As mentioned earlier, salt has an important role in maintaining fluid balance in the body. Salt can signal the kidneys when to retain water and when to excrete water. However, excessive salt consumption can actually interfere with this function.
If you eat too much salt, the kidneys will absorb more water (retention), which causes blood volume to increase. The symptom that will arise is edema which is characterized by swelling, especially in the hands, arms, legs and ankles.
5. Stomach Cancer
A 1996 study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology found that stomach cancer deaths in men and women were closely related to excess salt consumption. Apart from that, high salt intake has also been linked to other stomach ailments such as stomach ulcers.
Knowing that there are many bad effects that can occur due to eating too much salt, you are advised to limit salt consumption to at least 5 grams or the equivalent of one teaspoon per day.