Eye Cancer Symptoms
Want to know how serious eye cancer is in children globally? According to WHO records, each year there are 7,000 to 8,000 new cases of cancer in children in the world. Pretty worrisome, right?
As the name suggests, eye cancer is a condition when the abnormal cells in the eye tissue grow uncontrollably. The thing that worries me is that these abnormal cells can also spread to other areas.
The question is, is it true that eye cancer can be detected early? Then, how do you detect eye cancer?
Eye Cancer Diagnosis
Although eye cancer is less common than other types of cancer, experts still recommend having an annual eye exam. Especially for those who have a higher risk of developing melanoma type eye cancer. For example, people with dysplastic nevus syndrome.
Regular eye examinations are an important part of everyone’s eye health care. Don’t hesitate to do regular eye examinations, even if you don’t have any eye complaints. Because, melanoma eye cancer is often found during routine checks.
In this routine examination, the doctor will examine the eye condition in more detail. For example, symptoms or complaints experienced (including symptoms of eye cancer), eye vision ability, eye movement, and eye blood vessels.
Well, if the doctor suspects eye cancer in a patient, usually the doctor will carry out further tests so that the test results are more accurate. For example, through scanning tests, such as eye ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI to find out the location and size of cancer cells.
In addition to the tests above, the doctor may perform a biopsy or lumbar puncture test to see if it has spread to other organs or not.
Therefore, see a doctor as soon as possible to experience complaints or eye oddities. Better yet, if the eye examination is done regularly every year.
Gene Mutations and Their Triggers
So, what causes eye cancer? Unfortunately, until now the only known cause of eye cancer is gene mutation in eye tissue. These mutations mainly occur in genes that regulate cell growth.
Under normal conditions, cells will divide regularly to replace cells that have been damaged. Now, there are genes that regulate when cells start and stop dividing. These genes are what function so that cells do not divide wildly and uncontrollably.
However, changes or DNA abnormalities in these genes cause the genes regulating cell division to not function. As a result, the eye cells divide uncontrollably. In addition, there are several conditions associated with eye cancer, namely:
- Eye color that is lighter, such as green, blue, or gray. This is because brighter eyes have less pigment to protect them from harmful UV rays.
- White skin is more sensitive to sunlight and can cause other types of cancer that can spread to the eyes.
- Moles that are cancerous.
- Sun exposure.
- Hereditary conditions, due to changes in DNA that can cause eye cancer.