The liver is the most vital organ in the human body. This organ continuously filters the blood to ensure that it is clean of impurities before flowing to all cells of the human body. The liver also neutralizes toxins (detox) various metabolites and produces biochemicals necessary for human digestion.
Causes of Liver Cancer
There are several causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (primary liver cancer). The most common causes are birth defects, alcohol abuse, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hemacromatosis, excess production of androgen and estrogen hormones, and smoking habits.
Several factors, including gender (men are at greater risk than women), obesity, heredity and ethnicity (the risk of liver cancer in the United States is higher due to the dietary habits of the population there), and also use of anabolic steroids, are known to increase the risk of developing it. heart cancer.
Types of Liver Cancer
Liver cancer is divided into two types: primary liver cancer and secondary liver cancer.
Primary liver cancer is growing and originating from the liver. The type of primary liver cancer that most often occurs is hepatocellular carcinoma. This type of cancer occurs due to complications of liver disease, such as cirrhosis or inflammatory liver disease (hepatitis) experienced by sufferers.
There are also several types of primary liver cancer that are rare, including hepatoblastoma and angiosarcoma. This type of liver cancer only affects children. Meanwhile, angiosarcoma is cancer that grows in blood vessel cells in the liver. Another rare type of primary liver cancer is cholangiocarcinoma, which is cancer that develops in the bile ducts.
Secondary Liver Cancer is cancer that grows in other organs and then spreads to the liver. However, the most common are stomach cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, and breast cancer.
Liver Cancer Treatment
Liver cancer includes administration of drugs, radiation therapy, to liver transplants. The choice of this method depends on the patient’s condition and the stage of the cancer he is experiencing. Here are some treatment options for people with Liver Cancer Treatment :
- Tumor ablation
- Targeted therapy