How is uterine polyp diagnosed?
How to diagnose the uterine polyps? If you feel symptoms that indicate polyps in your uterus, check to the doctor to know the accurate diagnosis. Doctors usually ask about your menstrual cycle, how long menstruation lasts, and whether the time period occurs routinely. If you have a complaint of difficulty conceiving or your vagina often releases unnatural vaginal discharge, you should tell your doctor about this condition.
- Transvaginal ultrasound (USG)
Transvaginal ultrasound tests to find out the uterus, including problems will present in the uterine wall. An ultrasound transducer into the vagina and emits sound waves. These waves can produce images of the uterus, including abnormalities that arise.
This procedure is carried out to help a clearer picture of the uterus, especially if the transvaginal ultrasound procedure is deemed to give a detailed picture.
The doctor will insert a catheter into your uterus. This catheter contains saline fluid. This fluid will enlarge the uterine cavity, so the doctor can get a clearer picture of your uterine wall.
The doctor will insert a thin, flexible, and small telescope equipped with a flashlight into your uterus through the vagina. Aside from being used to diagnose a lump in the uterus, this procedure is usually combined with surgery to remove polyps.
- Endometrial biopsy
This procedure is done using a suction catheter. Samples that have been taken will be examined in the laboratory to detect any problems in the uterine wall.
The doctor use a long metal tool called a curette. The curette is used to take tissue from the inner wall of the uterus. After that, this tissue will be examined in a laboratory.
How to treat uterine polyps?
Generally, uterine polyps that do not cause any symptoms and signs do not require special treatment.
However, if a polyp causes abnormal bleeding during menstruation, the polyp should be removed immediately.
In addition, if a polyp is suspected of potentially developing into cancer or tumour, the only way to overcome this is by removing the polyp.
Polyps that cause pregnancy problems such as miscarriage, cause infertility or occur after menopause should also be treated further.
The following are some of the treatments is given to overcome the condition of uterine polyps :
- Consumption of medicines
Certain hormonal medicines will usually be prescribed by a doctor as a temporary treatment. This treatment can help reduce the appearance of polyp symptoms. These include progestin or gonadotropin-releasing hormone drugs.
- Appointment surgery
In curettage and polypectomy, the doctor will only remove the polyp. Meanwhile, if the polyp has caused complications or damage to the uterus, a hysterectomy procedure or complete removal of the uterus may need to be done.