Of the many infectious diseases that exist so far, some are among the most easily transmitted. Here we will review and you need to know the types of diseases that are most easily transmitted, the characteristics of infectious diseases, along with the steps you must take to protect yourself from being infected.
The flu is a disease caused by a virus that is constantly mutating and is very difficult for your immune system to detect. Common symptoms of the flu are muscle pain, coughing, sneezing, nasal congestion, headache, fatigue, and fever.
Although classified as an infectious disease, flu is considered a dangerous disease. However, what you need to watch out for is the mutation of the virus that causes flu which then causes much more dangerous diseases, such as bird flu and to the level of corona.
Mode of Transmission:
Directly when splashes of water from the mouth when sneezing or coughing reach other people—when sneezing, coughing, or talking. Transmission in this way indirectly occurs when you touch a surface or object that has been contaminated with the flu virus, then your hands touch your mouth and nose so that the virus enters the body.
- Keep a distance from people who have the flu.
- Regularly clean your hands with soap or hand sanitizer.
- wear a mask so as not to transmit the virus to others.
- Cover your mouth or avoid crowds when sneezing or coughing
- Take care of your immune system so you don’t get infected with the flu virus and take multivitamins.
One of the other infectious diseases is an infection of the respiratory tract. Tuberculosis is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Symptoms or characteristics of this infectious disease is a cough with phlegm that lasts for more than two weeks or more. In addition, people with tuberculosis will also lose their appetite, and experience weight loss, night sweats, and fatigue.
Mode of Transmission:
Tuberculosis is transmitted through the air. If you are close to someone with tuberculosis, you are at high risk of contracting it when the person is breathing or coughing. Another way of transmitting tuberculosis is when you use items that were previously used by people with tuberculosis.
- Not close to people with tuberculosis. or wear a mask to protect your respiratory tract.
- Avoid touching or using objects previously used by people with tuberculosis.
This infectious disease is caused by infection with the Varicella zoster virus and is susceptible to attack children under 12 years of age. and Symptoms of chickenpox are high fever, red spots appear on the skin that swell like blisters, and feel very itchy.
Chickenpox is also transmitted through direct contact with the sufferer, namely when exposed to fluid that comes out of the skin. Chickenpox can also be transmitted through the air, such as when the sufferer breathes, sneezes, or coughs.
Another way of transmission is when you touch an object that the patient has touched.
- Get vaccinated against chickenpox.
- Keep yourself and the environment clean.
- Eat nutritious food.
- Not close to people with chickenpox.
Diseases caused by infection with the bacteria Salmonella typhi or commonly called typhus can occur when the sanitation in your environment is not good and very dirty. Common symptoms of typhoid are high fever, pain or cramps in the stomach, diarrhea or constipation, nausea, and vomiting.
Transmission usually occurs through consumption of food or drink that has been contaminated with feces or other feces containing Salmonella typhi bacteria. In addition, typhoid can also be caused by using water contaminated with Salmonella typhi bacteria to wash food, cooking utensils, and eating utensils that we consume.
- Wash hands regularly, especially before consuming food.
- Use clean water to wash foodstuffs.
- choose food that is guaranteed to be clean.
- Keep your immune system strong by taking multivitamins.