Postpartum Depression Symptoms
Postpartum depression is a situation experienced by new mothers after the birth of their first child. Postpartum depression does not only occur in mothers but can also occur in fathers.
Many mothers give birth for the first time and have babies after giving birth. Baby blues last for several days to one or two weeks after the baby is born. In this condition, the mother changes her mood quickly, feelings of anxiety, and difficulty sleeping. These baby blues have been experienced by mothers who have given birth.
Postpartum depression (PPD) has different characteristics from baby blues. Postpartum depression can be confused with baby blues at first. However, overcoming depression that lasts long and severe, which in turn will affect the mother’s ability to care for the baby and perform daily activities. Postpartum depression can occur at any time after it occurs and can occur for long times.
The following are the symptoms that occur during the postpartum depression:
- Sleeping too much or too tired, but can’t sleep.
- Feeling a variety of illnesses, or illnesses that cannot be treated.
- Experience sudden and unchanging mood swings.
- Difficulty remembering.
- Could not be resolved properly. Can’t make simple decisions.
- Can not no appetite or even not interested in buying anything.
- Sad or cry excessively, even though you don’t know the reason.
- Feeling worthless, ashamed, and feeling guilty about yourself.
- Want to run away from everything and people.
- Having annoying thoughts to hurt themselves and their own babies.
- Feeling not connected emotionally to the baby himself.
- Not interested in things that are usually liked or enjoyed.
- Anxious, angry and easily offended for no reason.
- Hopeless and restless.
- Very tired and not energized.
- Having repeated thoughts about death or suicide.
- With drawing from family and friends, for fear someone will take your baby, or afraid they think you are a bad mother.
Physical and emotional problems can affect the role of this depression.
- Emotional problems
Lack of sleep and feeling overwhelmed can make it difficult for you to handle trivial problems. A mother can feel worried about not being able to care for a newborn baby, feeling less attractive, and losing self-control. In the end, these things will cause other emotional problems that can cause postpartum depression.
- Physical condition
Physical changes after childbirth caused by a decrease in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) drastically. Thyroid hormone can also decrease dramatically. This can cause feelings of fatigue, slow, and depressed. In fathers, changes in the hormone testosterone may cause depression after childbirth
Some Postpartum depression treatment, namely:
- Psychotherapy includes talking to a psychologist or psychiatrist about what is experienced. Psychotherapy can help individuals to overcome perceived emotions, solve problems experienced, set realistic goals, and respond positively to situations. Therapy that can be used can be family therapy or relationship therapy.
- Medications, such as antidepressants, can help reduce depression. In addition, antidepressants can also be used for nursing mothers but there are few side effects for babies.
If you experience postpartum depression, you can do the following:
- Talk about your condition with the people closest to you and don’t be shy to ask for their help.
- Don’t withdraw from people around you, you can socialize and share stories with people who have experienced something similar.
- Perform a healthy lifestyle, such as eating foods with balanced nutrition, exercising, getting enough rest, and avoiding alcohol or narcotics.
- Give yourself some free time, relax and take a break and do things that make you happy and relaxed.
- Set realistic goals, don’t force yourself to do all the homework, ask for help from others if you are overwhelmed.