Seasonal Diseases Examples
Many people consider the rainy season to be sick season. Even though whatever the season, you still need to be aware of the risk of disease transmission. For example, in the case of diarrhea and typhus, these two diseases can occur in the rainy season and the dry season. So, want to know other seasonal diseases that can occur in the rainy and dry season? This is the answer.
Diarrhea is prone to occur if you don’t maintain personal hygiene. Diarrhea cases that occur during the dry season are caused by reduced supply of clean water. Meanwhile, cases of diarrhea when it rains occur due to mixing of garbage and other impurities with overflowing water.
Typhus or typhoid fever is a disease caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. This disease occurs when the food or drink consumed is contaminated with feces containing Salmonella bacteria. Typhus is common in developing countries and can be life threatening if not treated immediately.
Typhoid symptoms usually appear 1-3 weeks after the body is infected. The characteristics include high fever, diarrhea, headaches, and stomach aches. If not treated promptly, this condition can worsen within a few weeks and lead to complications, such as internal bleeding or a rupture of the digestive system (intestines). To avoid contracting typhus, it is advisable to wash your hands with soap before eating, before processing food, after defecating (defecating), after washing children, and after handling objects in dirty environments and animals.
3. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
DHF is caused by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito which has a black and white color on its body. This type of Nyamin is often found when it rains because in this season, there are lots of stagnant water and garbage that becomes its breeding ground. Symptoms of DHF usually appear 4-7 days after the first bite, namely in the form of high fever, reddish rash, vomiting, loss of appetite, body aches, and bleeding from the nose, gums, or under the skin.
DHF is a disease that needs to be watched out for because if it is not treated immediately, it lowers platelets which are life-threatening. DHF can be prevented by doing the 3M plus movement, namely installing mosquito nets, not hanging clothes, draining water reservoirs regularly, closing water storage places tightly, and other movements.
ARDS disease often appears during the dry season. The cause is the scattered dust that contains viruses or bacteria and irritates the respiratory tract. ARDS can spread throughout the respiratory system and block the circulation of oxygen in the body. If not treated immediately, ARDS make the sufferer deprived of oxygen which leads to loss of consciousness and is life threatening. Symptoms of ARDS include stuffy or runny nose, persistent sneezing, fever, cough, sore throat, and body aches. Prevention that can be done is to use a mask when traveling. READ MORE !