The Heart Disease
according to medical Heart disease is a condition when the heart is disturbed. Several types of heart disease, including:
- Coronary heart is a heart disease that occurs due to the narrowing of blood vessels in the heart.
- Congenital heart disease, a heart problem since infancy, the most common is heart valve leakage.
- Heart infection (endocarditis), is an infection of the inner lining of the heart.
- Heart failure is a failure of the heart muscle to pump blood adequately throughout the body.
- Arrhythmia, a heart rhythm disorder that causes an abnormal heart rate.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
Some symptoms of heart disease, including:
- Coronary heart, the main symptom is chest pain, which can be accompanied by shortness of breath, pain that radiates to the left arm, or to the jaw.
- Congenital heart disease, symptoms can be shortness and appear to turn blue when crying or suckling, swelling around the eyes and legs, and body weight does not increase.
- Heart infection (endocarditis), symptoms of fever, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, swelling in the abdomen or legs, and coughing.
- Heart failure, symptoms in the form of shortness of breath that gets heavier when on the move, shortness of breath that gets heavier when lying down, swollen legs, and an enlarged abdomen.
- Arrhythmia, symptoms that can occur in the form of heart palpitations, discomfort in the chest, shortness of breath, the sensation of floating, even unconscious.
Causes and Risk of Heart Disease
The causes and risk factors for heart disease depend on the type of disorder, including:
- Coronary heart, caused by narrowing of blood vessels in the heart. Some risk that including unhealthy lifestyles, such as eating foods high in carbohydrates or fats, obesity, rarely doing physical activity, and smoking habits.
- Congenital heart disease, so far the cause is unknown. Some risk, including mothers infected with rubella during pregnancy, mothers taking certain drugs during pregnancy, or the presence of gene abnormalities.
- Heart infections (endocarditis), commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. The most common bacterium found as a cause is a bacterial infection of Streptococcus beta-hemolytic group A.
- Heart failure, commonly caused by coronary heart disease, infection, or abnormalities of the heart valves.
- Arrhythmia, commonly caused by congenital abnormalities, the presence of heart muscles that die from coronary heart, excessive consumption of alcohol or caffeine, stress, or side effects of certain drugs.
Diagnosis of Heart Disease:
The doctor will diagnose heart disease by beginning a complete medical interview, which is followed by a thorough physical examination, and supporting examinations if needed. Some of the supporting examinations include:
- Electrocardiogram (ECG), which is an examination to see the flow of electricity and heart rhythm. This examination is done by attaching several leads to the patient’s body. ECG is the most common examination performed on those suspected of having heart problems.
- Echocardiography is an examination to see the inside of the heart, heart pump function and heart valve function. This examination is mainly carried out on those suspected of having heart failure, congenital heart disease, and heart valve abnormalities.
- Treadmill test, which is a heart rhythm examination that is done while the patient is doing physical activity (treadmill). This examination is generally done to detect early coronary heart disease.
- Angiography, which is a heart examination done by inserting a device that functions as a camera into the heart’s blood vessels to see the blockage in the heart’s blood vessels.