Treatment And Vaccine For Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
First, the doctor will give an injection of antitoxin, to fight the toxins produced by bacteria. If you are testing for antitoxin, you need to tell your doctor to cure it.
Before giving antitoxin, your doctor checking your allergy on your skin to make sure the person who doesn’t have an allergy to the antitoxin. Doctors assess this by giving a low dose and gradually increasing it.
The doctor will give antibiotics, such as erythromycin and penicillin, to help deal with the infection. Your doctor recommends a booster dose for diphtheria vaccine after you are healthy to build a defence diphtheria bacteria.
If you realize that you have been in contact with someone with diphtheria, you should immediately consult a doctor to conduct tests and issue treatments.
Children and adults who need treatment must be admitted to the hospital. They may be isolated in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) because the disease spreads easily and quickly.
This treatment step will be carried out continuously until the examination results turn negative after giving antibiotics.
If you have been exposed to people who need diphtheria, ask your doctor about what tests and treatments you need. Your doctor may give you antibiotics to prevent the development of the disease.
You may also need a booster dose for diphtheria vaccine. Doctors also treat people found as diphtheria carriers with antibiotics to save their bodies from bacteria.
What are the lifestyle or treatments that can be done to overcome this disease?
Here are lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with this disease:
- Bed rest and give limit activity if your heart is affected. You need to rest in bed until you have fully recovered.
- Tight insulation, you should avoid spreading the disease to others if you are infected.
When you recover from this disease, you need a complete diphtheria vaccine to prevent a recurrence. Having experienced this condition does not guarantee a lifetime of immunity.
You can experience this disease more than once if you don’t have a complete immunization.
What efforts I do to prevent diphtheria? The following prevention efforts for the disease:
Before antibiotics were created, diphtheria was a common disease in children. But now, the disease can not only be treated, but also prevented by vaccines. According to WHO, vaccination has dramatically reduced mortality and morbidity due to diphtheria. However, the disease remains a major problem for children’s health in countries with low Environmental Performance Index (EPI) figures. This vaccine is a bacterial toxoid, a toxin whose toxicity has been deactivated. The vaccine is usually given in combination with other vaccines, such as for tetanus and pertussis. For children, the three vaccines are called DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis). Meanwhile, for adults, vaccines given are usually mixed with tetanus toxoid with lower concentrations. Vaccination consists of five injections, usually given in the arms or thighs, and given to children at the age of 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years. There are several side effects of this vaccination. Children may experience mild fever, fussiness, drowsiness, to numbness at the injection site. Ask your doctor about how to reduce or eliminate these effects. In the cases, the DTP vaccine caused serious complications of children, such as allergic reactions (itching or rashes that occur a few minutes after injection), seizures, or shock. However, this condition can be treated.
Some children, especially with epilepsy or other nervous system conditions, may not be recommended to get DTP vaccination.
After a series of immunizations during childhood, you need diphtheria vaccine booster injections to maintain your immunity. That is because the body’s immunity to the disease disappears over time. Children who have passed vaccine recommendations before the age of 7 should get booster shots at ages 11 to 12 years. The next booster shot is recommended for the next 10 years and is repeated every 10 years. Encouraging injections are important for those of you who travel to areas where diphtheria is common.
Diphtheria booster shots are combined with tetanus booster, the tetanus-diphtheria vaccine (Td). This vaccine combination is injected into the arms or legs. TDP is a combination of tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough) vaccines. This is a one-time alternative vaccine for teens ages 11 to 18 and adults who have not previously been given booster injections.